What are the most common types of termites In Australia?
In Australia, there are more than 300 types of termites. Among these termites, there are a handful that are commonly found to infest Australian homes. Read our quick summary of the most destructive types of termites in Australia. Find out more about these pests and how to stop them.
If you need more information, you may call us on (02) 8007 4666 or send us a message. Send us any of your termite-related questions. We're always available for a consultation.
What are the most common types of destructive termites in Australia?
There's more than one type of termites. Some common types that can infest your property are the ff.:
West Indian Drywood Termite
Although this type of termite is said to have originated in Jamaica, its actual origin is unknown. It feeds on structural lumbar to survive and commonly infests damp areas in your home.
Just like other termites, the West Indian drywood termite is a social insect and resides only in the wooded structure it infests, collecting water and cellulose from wood fibres. They insects are larger and more cylindrical in size compared to other types of termites found in the country.
Dampwood termites are larger in size than subterranean termites. The species with wings (known as ”swarmers"), are around 25mm long. The soldiers, however, are 20mm in length.
Swarmers are the ones that start a dampwood colony. They only produce a few eggs a year and make up a small colony. Gradually, they will expand their colony to different areas of your property. They have a preference for decayed wood.
One of the best ways to know if you have a dampwood termite infestation is if there are small, clean holes in a wooded structure. This is because these termites like to eat across the grain.
Formosan termites love places that are warm. Their bodies are designed to be resistant to heat in certain ways. They have 3 distinctive castes:
- alates (ones that reproduce)
- worker termite
The best way to tell them apart from other species of termites is by looking at the soldier termites. The soldier termites are oblong, whereas subterranean termites have a rectangular shaped head. The swarmers/alates have a thick covering of hair over their wings and are yellowish brown in colour and are half an inch in size.
Formosan termites are also more aggressive when it comes to defending themselves. When they feel threatened, they release a white fluid that is used for defense purposes.
Diet, Behaviour And Habits Of Termites
The diet and behaviour of termites depend on the species. Most people have a perception that termites are small ant-like creatures that feed on wood. While this is true to some extent, they are bigger than ants and feed on more than just wood.
The typical diet of an average termite is the cellulose found in wood fibre. Some species of termites like the Formosan, love to invade soil and create mud tunnels. These ”˜tunnels' serve as their nest.
Just like honey bees, termites also have a queen that they follow. The queen can lay up to 1,000 eggs per day. When certain termites develop wings and are released from the colonies, they go on to establishing new ones.
If you suspect that your home is infested by termites, you may book a building and pest inspection today.
What Should You Do When You Discover Termites In Your Property?
So you have discovered termite colony and the initial reaction from most home owners is to get the insect spray out and kill them all. DO NOT DO ANYTHING! If you have discovered termites, put everything back as it was before you discovered them. If any termites have come outside their workings and are visible, collect a few specimens and preserve them in some spirits. This will help us identify the type of termites in your home. Termite control is only effective when the correct termite treatment is used.
It is important not to attempt any termite treatment yourself or disturb them any further as they may scatter around the house and make treatment more difficult. Remember a termite queen can lay up to 40,000 eggs per day and live up to 50 years.
What should you do when you find the first signs of a termite infestation in your home?
If you suspect a termite infestation in your home, you may consult our pest experts who can determine what type of termite you are dealing with. Call (02) 8007 4666 to get a FREE Consultation.
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How destructive are termite infestations in your home?
Termite infestations lead to extensive damages in your home. Each year, Australians spend millions dealing with termites. Australian homes are highly susceptible to termite infestations since termites thrive in warm and damp areas. Watch the video below to find out more.
Termite Services Available in Sydney
Our pest control company has termite exterminators that are fully trained to prevent and eradicate termites. Book a pest extermination for your home or commercial property in Sydney.
We offer the ff. termite control services:
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