Do you wonder which termite is the worst kind? It is an underground termite that chomps on wood 24/7.
It’s hard to imagine how one can function around the clock to eat wood, but that’s exactly what subterranean termites do all their life.
Termites, among other pests, can reduce a property’s value. The damage they can bring to any wooden structure can pose a real-world risk to anyone living or occupying the said space.
They also damage furniture which can be costly to the owners. Their threat is not to be displaced and passed up as something that will blow over anytime soon. There are cases that even after treatment or extermination, that they return to rebuild their destructive colony again.
One must be proactive in making sure that their structure, home, furniture, and premises are free from these invasive species.
How do you determine if you have a subterranean termite infestation? We will list in this article the things you need to know about these destructive pests.
What are Subterranean Termites?
These are distinguished by their behavior. They build mud tunnels along their pathways to keep themselves from open air. Their strong jaws are capable of working day in and day out. They chomp on wood and destroy property like it’s no other’s business.
These types of termites usually swarm during the spring and can have upwards of 2 million population. That’s more than two million wood-eating insects under a house or a structure.
These species of termites are known to be the most destructive of their kind. They vary in size according to their function. A worker can range from one-eighth to three-eighths of an inch. Soldiers may have the same length, but a larger head and more powerful mandibles distinguish them from others.
The color of termites also varies according to their societal function. Workers tend to be paler compared to soldiers and have a cream-colored exterior. Soldiers have a darker brown color on their heads.
While these termites are small, they are well capable of separating cellulose from any wooden source. Workers live underground and pass through mud tunnels that keep them safe and hidden.
Despite lacking eyes, they know the difference if its light or dark outside. This is crucial because if they are exposed to light, it means they are in danger of predators and may lose moisture from their bodies.
Where do subterranean termites live?
As their name suggests, they tend to live underground.
This means as deep as several feet underground. They can have upwards of two million members per colony.
Some nests can also be found above ground and easy to spot. This exemption only happens when there is enough moisture to supplement the colony and its activities. This can also happen if there is a bustling colony under it. Very rarely does a colony starting from above ground.
How to deal with subterranean termites?
Termite attacks are often unrecognizable to the naked eye since they mostly work underground or within walls.
This can go on for years without being noticed. This is the danger because before you find out, the damage that has been done may have been more extensive than you thought it would be.
(RELATED: How to Get Rid of Termites)
Be on the lookout for first signs of termite invasion. These can be simply small isolated workers or soldiers foraging for other sources of food, mud tunnels, or hollow-sounding wood.
Time is of the essence when you find out these first signs and symptoms of a termite invasion. Make sure to act immediately.
The best advice is to contact a subterranean termites pest control professional. A specialist has all the means to diagnose if you have a massive problem or something they can immediately address.
Professionals have methods that can be utilized to rid your property of pests. These may come in the form of pesticides that can immediately kill the insects.
There are also types that the workers can bring back to the colony unaware. They can affect the colony from the inside. This is called baiting.
Some chemical termite barriers can also be sprayed in the vicinity of your home or property to repel or kill the termites.
If you are building a house in an area where there have been reports of termite infestation, then professionals can also install physical barriers and repellants around the building to keep it free from any unwanted pests.
If you have a termite infestation or suspect that you have one, you don't need to feel discouraged. There are countless solutions you can do on your own as well as professionals you can contact.
Knowing what type and the extent of damage are halfway of winning the battle. Make sure to act immediately to prevent any further damage from the invasion.