Termites gnaw on wooden structures, even chomping on wiring and walls just to satiate their hunger. The damage they bring upon Sydney homes and businesses cost millions every year. Avoid becoming a statistic by reaching out to our team of professional exterminators.
Termites are the bane of every homeowner’s existence. Unlike other pests, they are detritivores, meaning they feed on wood and dead plants. However, some types of termites feed on paper, plastic and drywall as well. They’re one of the most dangerous insects in the world, mainly because they cause damage to properties and structures. In Australia, there are more than 300 types of termites. However, not all of them cause damage to properties, only a handful of them do.
Types of Termites
There’s more than one type of termites. Some of these include:
West Indian Drywood Termite:
Although this type of termite is said to have originated in Jamaica, its actual origin is unknown. It feeds on structural lumbar is said to have been spread around the world thanks to wooden ships. In order to survive, it needs to be places with high moisture.
Just like other termites, the West Indian drywood termite is a social insect and resides only in the wood members it infests. Collecting water and cellulose from wood fibres, they are larger and more cylindrical in size, compared to other types of termites.
Dampwood termites are larger in size than subterranean ones. The species with wings (known as ‘swarmers’), are around 25mm long. The soldiers, however, are 20mm in length.
Swarmers are the ones that start a dampwood colony. They only produce a few eggs a year, having created a small colony. Gradually, they start expanding their colony.
They have a preference for wood that is decayed and one of the best ways to know if you have a dampwood infestation is if there are small, clean holes in the wood. This is because they like to eat across the grain.
Formosan termites love places that are warm. Their bodies are designed to be resistant to the heat in certain ways. They have 3 distinctive castes: the alates (ones that reproduce), the soldiers and the workers.
The best way to tell them apart from other species of termites is that the soldiers are oblong, whereas subterranean termites have a rectangular shaped head. Formosan termites are also more aggressive when it comes to defending themselves.
When they feel threatened, they release a white fluid that is used for defence purposes. The swarmers/alates have a thick covering of hair over their wings and are yellowish brown in colour and are half an inch in size.
Diet, Behaviour and Habits
The diet and behaviour of termites depends on the species. Most people have a perception that termites are small ant-like creatures that feed on wood. While this is true to some extent, they are bigger than ants and feed on more than just wood.
The typical diet of an average termite is the cellulose found in wood fibre. Some species of termites like the Formosan, love to invade soil and create mud tunnels. These ‘tunnels’ serve as their nest.
Just like honey bees, termites also have a queen that they follow. The queen can lay up to 1,000 eggs per day. When certain termites develop wings and are released from the colonies, they go on to establishing new ones.
What Wood You Do?
The right step to take is to call a professional pest control service for a termite prevention plan. Since pest extinguishers have the knowledge and equipment to take care of the problem, they are reliable and will be able to take care of the problem in a quick and timely manner.
Secondly, since certain types of termites use defence mechanisms and release venom, the average homeowner does not stand a chance. Pest control services know which type of termite they are dealing with and bring tools accordingly.
Masters Pest Control Sydney uses effective tools and products for termite control without any problems. The products by their specialists for treatments are child and pet-friendly. For further information, call (02) 8007 4666 for a free pest control quote.