Rats show no signs of dwindling down, much to the dismay and disgust of locals in Carlingford. Whether you live in the suburbs or are based in Sydney’s metropolitan areas, you cannot avoid these rodents. They are viewed as one of the world’s most detested pests. In addition, they are referred to as commensal as they are entirely dependent on humans for shelter and food.
Classified under the order Rodentia, rats are mammals characterised by a single pair of large incisors in the upper and lower jaw areas. Rodentia comes from the Latin word rodere, which means “to gnaw or corrode”. The trademark gnawing enables them to control the size of their chisel-shaped incisors. Other animals that belong to this order are mice, hamsters, squirrels and beavers, to name a few.
Differences between Brown and Black Rats
In Australia, the black rat (Rattus rattus) is the most common. Also known as the roof rat or ship rat, this is the species that people have likely seen in the streets, on roofs and inside their very own homes. As for characteristics, the black rat has a streamlined body, a pointed nose, ears and eyes. Its tail is also considerably longer than its whole body. Colour of fur ranges from black to dark gray and deep brown.
The brown rat (Rattus norvegicus), on the other hand, is the species that is typically cared for as pets. They are also the ones selected for scientific research experiments in labs. Also identified as the Norway rat, these ones have a heavier set body. Brown rats also have a blunt nose and are covered in coarse, red-brown fur.
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