Local Pest Controller Fighting Mosquitoes
Mosquitoes (Latin Culicadae) belong to the same groups as the flies. They even look like flies, with a single pair of wings and long, thin legs. Mosquito body and wings are covered with little scales. Adult size mosquito ranges in size from 3 to 9 mm. Female mosquitoes are ectoparasites and they use their mouth tube, that is called proboscis, to make a hole in the host’s skin through which they drain blood. It helps them to produce their eggs.
Mosquitoes feed on the blood of various kinds of hosts, specially mammals, birds and amphibians. They usually attack vertebrates, but some mosquitoes also attack invertebrates, mainly arthropods. Loss of blood rarely causes some bigger problems to their victims but the saliva of the mosquitoes often irritates the skin and results in an unpleasant feeling. They also spread various diseases which is much bigger problem than some scratched skin.
Mosquitoes are able to carry disease from host to host by taking out their blood and that makes them one of the deadliest animals in the world. They can transmit serious diseases such as malaria, west Nile virus, dengue fever, yellow fever, and other arboviruses.
Mosquitoes in Australia
Many mosquito species are present in Australia, but only a small number of them are pests or are dangerous to human health. Most potential species to cause health problems are:
Anophelus farauti – mosquitoes with a long and thin medium-sized body which can be often found in northern Australia. They work at night and their biting peak is in the first two hours after sunset. This type is usually found near water habitats and can carry diseases such as malaria.
Aedes aegypti – their body is a small to medium-sized and they mainly live near water-holding containers in urban environments, like rainwater tanks, roof guttering, pot plant bases and in water-holding plants. They mostly bite humans during the day in shaded or indoor locations, and they are the only Australian mainland species that can carry dengue viruses. This species is distributed all over Australia, but right now they are restricted in north and west Queensland.
Aedes notoscriptus – mosquitos with a small to medium-sized body and with banded legs. They have a silver to golden pattern. They usually bite during the afternoon and around twilight. This kind is one of the most common pest species in urban areas and can cause serious troubles as a pest. These mosquitoes transmit arboviruses, like dog heartworm and Ross River virus. Their habitat is mostly in water-holding containers around houses and other man-made structures.
Aedes procax – brownish mosquitoes with a small to medium-sized bodies with banded legs. They usually live around freshwater and mildly brackish ground pools. They are known for transmitting arboviruses in coastal New South Wales and Queensland.
Aedes vigilax – a medium-sized mosquito with dark body and banded legs. They bite during the day in shaded areas, but they are also active in the mornings, evenings and the early nights. They are found in coastal estuarine wetlands and their population rises because of high tides and rainy warm weather. They are also known for transmitting arboviruses.
Aedes camptoryhnchus – a large mosquito that lives in salty and brackish wetlands in southern cost of New South Wales, around Murray River in Victoria, coasts of South Australia and south-west Western Australia. They bite during the day in shaded areas, but they are also active during the morning, evening and early night. They transmit arboviruses.
Coquillettidia linealis – a dark medium-sized mosquito with gold scales on top of the chest. They are usually located near freshwater wetlands that have many semi-aquatic plants.
Mansonia uniformis – a brown mosquito with medium-sized body. It bites during the day in shaded locations. They don’t transmit arboviruses.
Culex annulirostris – they are medium-sized and they mostly bite in the first two hours after sunset. This type can be found in coastal regions and in inland Australia and are known as a large transmitter of arboviruses.
- Culex quinquefasciatus – a medium-sized mosquito with a light brown colour. This type of mosquito is usually attacking indoors by night. They can be found near wastewater holdings and water storage areas.
There is a number of different ways to prevent mosquito bites and these protection procedures involve using various mosquito repellents and changing your behaviour. These procedures can be used to prevent other anthropoid species from biting. Here are some of them which you can use.
Public awareness of mosquito breeding habits and habitats is very important because most of these habitats can be dealt with very easy. Following the regulations when installing septic tanks is very important because it overcomes the issues caused by faulty installations of these tanks. When installed incorrectly, they can be an ideal habitat for mosquitoes. Additionally, managing your gardens and backyards must be done on a frequent basis because of potential mosquito breeding habitats emerging in unattended gardens. Protecting the home interior can be done by screening your windows and ventilators. These can be screened during the construction of your house. Still, freedom from mosquitoes can be gained even in unscreened homes by carefully taking care any possible breeding place outside your home.
When it comes to pesticide use for mosquito management, adult mosquitoes inside homes can be easily dealt with pyrethroid insecticides but these products are not so useful when it comes to mosquito larvae control. In order to use insecticide products on mosquito larvae, you first need to find their breeding places. It is much easier to eliminate them completely than protect yourself from their biting. When talking about insecticides, the chemical temephos and biological products such as Bacillus thuringiensis isroelensis are the best pick for most habitats.
Mosquito management in urban areas is the most difficult mosquito management tasks because there is a combination of different breeding grounds involved: from exposed to enclosed and subsurface terrains. It is very important to inform the public and get assistance from local government in order to undertake a unified approach to deal with mosquitoes. For example, waste disposal problems are often one of the main causes for mosquito outbreaks.
For a quick and easy pest control mosquitoes in Sydney, call (02) 8007 4666.
We know how busy you can get, and the last thing that you want to hear is that your building or your business is disrupted because of a pest infestation. You can sleep calmly knowing that your home or your business is safe and sound from pests when you work with Masters Pest Control Sydney. Over the years working as pest controllers we have developed a series of unique and effective mosquito management procedures to provide safe and superior results while focusing on prevention of recurring and not simply pesticide use.
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